sour


sour
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
adj. acid, tart, bitter; fermented, unpleasant; morose, testy, touchy. See sourness, irascibility, unsavoriness.Ant., sweet, good-humored.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
1. [Sour in taste]
Syn. acid, acidulated, tart, acetous, vinegary, fermented, rancid, musty, turned, acidulous, acetose, acidic, salty, bitter, acrid, caustic, cutting, stinging, peppery, harsh, irritating, unsavory, vitriolic, tangy, vinegarish, briny, brackish, astringent, dry, sharp, keen, biting, pungent, piquant, acerb*, acerbic, acetic, curdled, foxy, sourish, subacid, green, unripe, acescent, with a kick*.
Ant. sweet*, mild, bland.
2. [Sour in temper]
Syn. on edge, ill-natured, grouchy; see irritable .
Syn.- sour usually implies an unpleasant sharpness of taste and often connotes fermentation or rancidity [sour milk ] ; acid suggests a sourness that is normal or natural [ a lemon is an acid fruit ] ; acidulous suggests a slightly sour or acid quality [acidulous spring water ] ; tart suggests a slightly stinging sharpness or sourness and usually connotes that this may be pleasant to the taste [ a tart cherry pie ] v.
Syn. turn, ferment, spoil, go bad, acidulate, acidify, acetify, envenom, make sour, acerbate, curdle, tartarize.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus)
I
v.
turn one against, *turn off, disillusion, embitter, disenchant.
II
a.
1. tart acid, vinegary, sharp, *mouth-puckering, bitter, fermented, bad, rank, spoiled, curdled, rancid, repulsive, unpalatable.
2. surly cross, bad-tempered, irritable, testy, touchy, nasty, crabby, ill-humored, grouchy, morose.
ANT.: 1. sweet, sugary, saccharine, fresh. 2. sweet, good-natured, nice
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I adjective 1. Having a taste characteristic of that produced by acids: acerb, acerbic, acetous, acid, acidulous, dry, tangy, tart1. See TASTE. 2. Having a noticeably sharp pungent taste or smell: acerbic, acrid, bitter, harsh. See TASTE. 3. Brood-ingly and sullenly unhappy: dour, gloomy, glum, moody, morose, saturnine, sulky, sullen, surly. See HAPPY. 4. Not in accordance with what is usual or expected: amiss, astray, awry, wrong. See SURPRISE, THRIVE. II verb To make or become bitter: embitter. See HAPPY.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sour´ly — sour «sowr», adjective, verb, noun, adverb. –adj. 1. having a taste like that of vinegar or lemon juice; sharp and biting: »Most green fruit is sour. SYNONYM(S): acid, acidulous, tart. 2. fermented; acid as a result of fermentation; spoiled. Sour …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sour — Sour, a. [Compar. {Sourer}; superl. {Sourest}.] [OE. sour, sur, AS. s?r; akin to D. zuur, G. sauer, OHG. s?r, Icel. s?rr, Sw. sur, Dan. suur, Lith. suras salt, Russ. surovui harsh, rough. Cf. {Sorrel}, the plant.] 1. Having an acid or sharp,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sour — [sour] adj. [ME soure < OE sur, akin to Ger sauer, ON sūrr < IE * suro , sour, salty > Latvian sũrs, salty, bitter] 1. having the sharp, acid taste of lemon juice, vinegar, green fruit, etc. 2. made acid or rank by or as by fermentation… …   English World dictionary

  • Sour — Sour, v. t. [AS. s?rian to sour, to become sour.] 1. To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances. [1913 Webster] So the sun s heat, with different powers, Ripens the grape, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sour — sour, acid, acidulous, tart, dry mean having a taste devoid of sweetness. All but dry suggest the taste of lemons, vinegar, or of most unripe fruits. Sour and acid are often interchangeable, but sour is more likely to be chosen to describe… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • sour — sour; sour·berry; sour·dine; sour·i·quois; sour·ish; sour·ly; sour·ness; sour·sob; vav·a·sour; …   English syllables

  • sour — Ⅰ. sour UK US /saʊər/ verb [I or T] ► to become, or cause to become, less pleasant, friendly, or successful: »Meeting clients unexpectedly can sour a relationship. »Loans are souring, as bankruptcies and the bad debts they leave behind keep… …   Financial and business terms

  • sour on — informal : having a bad opinion of (something) She was sour on politics in general. • • • Main Entry: ↑sour sour on [phrasal verb] sour on (something) or sour (someone) on (something …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sour — 〈[saʊər] m.; od. s, 〉 alkohol. Mixgetränk mit Zitronen od. Limonensaft ● Whisky Sour [<engl. sour „sauer“] * * * Sour   [sur], Stadt in Südlibanon, Sur. * * * Sour [ zauɐ, engl. saʊə], der; [s], s [engl. sour, eigtl. = sauer]: stark… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sour — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having a sharp taste like lemon or vinegar. 2) tasting or smelling rancid from fermentation or staleness. 3) resentful, bitter, or angry. ► NOUN ▪ a cocktail made by mixing a spirit with lemon or lime juice. ► VERB ▪ make or become …   English terms dictionary

  • sour — (adj.) O.E. sur, from P.Gmc. *suraz (Cf. O.N. surr, M.Du. suur, Du. zuur, O.H.G. sur, Ger. Sauer), from PIE root *suro sour, salty, bitter (Cf. O.C.S. syru, Rus. syroi moist, raw; Lith. suras salty …   Etymology dictionary